the assassination of franz ferdinand was actually the most hilariously botched assassination attempt of all time though like i can’t even explain to you how badly it went i mean there were six guys and the first one chickened out and the second one forgot to factor in the delay on a hand grenade so it exploded like three cars past the archduke’s so the guy took a cyanide pill and threw himself into a river, but the cyanide was expired and the river was six inches deep so the police just pulled him out and took him off to jail and then everyone else basically gave up and headed home, and then the driver of the archduke took a wrong turn and the car stalled next to the last of the six guys, and he was just like “what a crazy random happenstance” and started world war one
For those wondering why “roller coaster”/”rollercoaster” in Spanish is called la montaña rusa [lit. “Russian mountain”], it’s because apparently in Russia it was a special “slope” built out of wooden supports and ice where people would sled down them; some of the slopes were up to 200 feet tall in the 17th century. St. Petersburg in Russia was famous for them.
Catherine II [Catherine the Great], the famous Russian Empress, had a Russian Mountain built in Oranienbaum, Russia in the Katalnaya Gorka.
Sometimes they were created with wheeled carts or cars and put on tracks, which was especially popular in France in the early 1800s. They were known as “Aerial Promenades” and brought over during the Napoleonic era.
The modern-day roller coaster is known as amerikanskie gorki [американские горки] in Russian which means “American mountains”.
But it isn’t just Spanish that refers to roller coasters as “Russian mountain”
- French montagne russe
- Italian montagna russa
- Portuguese montanha-russa
in lit we were about to read a book on concentration camps and so my teacher told everyone to draw what came to mind when they thought of world war 2 and she thought the pictures were so good she hung them up on the wall and now i sit in front of this
So you had a bad day …
Charles Darwin read Lyell's “Principles of Geology Volume 1” while he was travelling on the Beagle, and when he returned to England they became close friends. Darwin vents to Lyell in this letter from 1861.
As Robert Krulwich has noted, it’s nice to know geniuses had bad days like the rest of us. And it’s nice that they had friends to
textcorrespond with when they did.
Happy Birthday Charles! And to the rest of you - Happy Darwin Day!
A (somewhat subjective) history of female vocalists through the first half of the 20th century in the form of 8tracks mixes.
- 1920s/30s - Annette Hanshaw | Ruth Etting | Josephine Baker…
- 1940s - Billie Holiday | Vera Lynn | Sarah Vaughan…
- 1950s - Eartha Kitt | Connie Francis | Big Mama Thornton…
- 1960s - Etta James | Doris Day | Lesley Gore…
This is a great post but it really bugs me that that picture says “1650s”
THIS LEAVES OUT THE BEST PART. Gavrilo Princip was ordering a sandwich when the car took a wrong turn and he IN THE MIDDLE OF ORDERING A DAMN SANDWICH turned around and shot the archduke
Signatures of all our presidents
Some of these are so wonderfully exquisite, like William Henry Harrison’s, or Gerald Ford’s.
Washington’s signature looks like a piece of art like goddamn calligraphy.
For some reason Andrew Jackson felt the need to underline his name, and I’m not gonna lie but John Quincy Adams’ signature tells me that he hadn’t ever mastered the art of writing in cursive because it looks like the handwriting of a six year old. His dad’s name, on the other hand, looks like a teenage girl wrote it.
Jefferson’s looks like he was tripping on acid every time he had to sign something, and God knows what was going on with Taft when he signed his name.
But notice the gradual change from elegant penmanship to mere scribbles like men need to learn how to write beautifully again.
Patients of surgeon Harold Gillies during WWI and WWII
Okay, these photographs pissed me off a bit, because they don’t show off how much of a genius Dr. Harold Gillies, the father of modern plastic surgery, was. Rhinoplasty, skin grafts, and facial reconstructions have been practised for centuries. However, it was this New Zealander surgeon who standardized these techniques and established the discipline of “plastic surgery.”
The introduction of more destructive weapons of WWI and WWII resulted in devastating injuries. In addition, in trench warfare, the head was more exposed than the rest of the body, and soldiers’ faces were often shattered or burnt beyond recognition. Despite the best efforts of surgeons, many soldiers were left hideously disfigured. Traditionally, the edges of facial wounds were simply stitched together, but when scar tissue contracted faces were left twisted and disfigured, so a new type of surgery was needed.
Gillies rebuilt faces using tissue from elsewhere in the body. Antibiotics had not yet been invented, meaning it was very hard to graft tissue from one part of the body to another because infection often developed, so Gillies invented the “tubed pedicle,” where he used a flap of skin from the chest or forehead and “swung” it into place over the face. The flap remained attached but was stitched into a tube. This kept the original blood supply intact and dramatically reduced the infection rate. After many bone reconstruction, skin grafting, and healing, which could take months to years, the tentacle-like tubing would be removed, and (volia!) a new face!
He was also the first to do sex reassignment surgery from female to male in 1946, then male to female using a flap technique in 1951, which became the standard for 40 years.
This is exactly what happened.
Two Scientists Share Credit for the Theory of Evolution. Darwin Got Famous; This Biologist Didn’t.
You’ve heard of Charles Darwin, right? Of course you have. But have you heard of A.R. Wallace? Probably not. But what if I told you that he was just as important as Darwin in discovering the theory of natural selection?
History has not been kind to Wallace, pushing him back to the depths of obscurity, while every nerdy college kid sticks a Darwin poster on their dorm room wall. In this video, animators Flora Lichtman and Sharon Shattuck tell the forgotten story of Wallace—a tale of misfortune, shipwreck, backpacking, malaria and incredible science.